Turkey - A Land That Is An International Crossroads & A LAND OF EMPIRE
Became inhabitanted by people from distant lands.
For our readers who are students of the Bible and of the prophetic writings, it is interesting to note that the land we now call "Turkey" has a long history as part of various EMPIRES: It was part of the Empire of the Medes, The Empire of Persia, The Empire of Greece, and The Empire of Rome, even becoming a Papal Capital. At its heyday as a Christian land, it was the international crossroads of east and west regarding Christian civilization.
Then in the middle ages, Turkish invaders who were Muslem swept across the land and launched a period of history for the land tht resulted in the Ottoman Turkish Empire (1299-1923), which was to last into the 20th century.
THE SUBLIME OTTOMAN STATE
Here are the flag, coat of arms, and motto of the Ottoman Empire, aka "The Sublime Ottoman State." Also a map of the sizeable and land that the Emprie encompased.
That the western part of Turkey used to be part of the Median Empire, at its largest extent 728 BC - 549 BC). See the map below from Wiki . That was the Empire that conquered Babylon as described in the Book of Daniel, and the Empire of Cyrus The Great (549 BC) who felt called of God to bring the Jewish people back to the Land of Israel and help them rebuild the Temple.
Then when Cyrus came to power, the great Empire of PERSIA was birthed and came to include ALL of the modern day land of Turkey. He came to pwoer by first defeating the Median Empire.
It is this Cyrus who is creditted with founding the great Persian Empire, which extended into Europe and to Asia as far as the Indus River, and included all the near East. It was the largest Empire his world had ever seen. Modern Iran claims Cyrus as its son and founder of their great Persian heritage.
CYRUS THE GREAT: King of Persia, King of Anshan, King of Media, King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad, King of the four corners of the World Reign 559 BC-530 BC (30 years) Coronation Anshan, Persis Born 600 BC or 576 BC Birthplace Anshan, Persis Died December, 530 BC
Cyrus' Empire -The great PERSIAN EMPIRE- included the lands of modern day Israel, Turkey, Arabia, and much of Asia.
In its own right, its great rise to power came with the Ottoman Empire, which lasted many centuries and held sway over many vassal states.
The land of Turkey, mostly inhabited by Turks and Kurds today, used to be called "Anatolia." It has the oldest remains of human structures anywhere in the world! And the oldest known sites of agricultural villages in the world! Anatolia is a Greek name meaning "east" or literally "sunrise," that was given to the great land mass east of them. It had a period ruled by the Hittites. The the Greeks later established many indiependent city states there whose names CHristians will recognize from Paul's writings in the Bible.
AFter Greek rule, the land came under Roman rule, the ByzantineEmpire made it into the chief crossroadsof the eat and west. Then Muslim Turks from the east came in and swept across the land, starting a slow transition from CHristian and Greek-speaking people to Muslim and Turkish -speaking people. By 1080 the conquest of the land by the Turks was pretty much complete.
The Turks were themselves under the rule of the Mongols. If you know anything about the Mongols, you know they were tremendous world conquerers across Asia, aggressive, ruthless, and not the best administrators.
Eventually the Turks took full control of the land themselves, and some of them saw to the rise of the Ottoman Turkish Empire during the 15 the century. That became a large Empire that lasted ceutries. Its decline started in the 19th century -perhaps in part due to its difficulty in administering its own great holdings economically.
The Czarist Russia began expanding into Anatolia and people of diverse ethnic groups settled there. Balkan Muslems also flocked into and settled formerly Christian villages throughout the land.
In 1923 following the Greco-Turkish War of 1919-1922, a population exchange took place between Greece and Turkey. All ethnic Anatolian Greeks were forced out of the land. So today the inhabitants of Turkey are largely Turks and Kurds (a separate Muslem ethnic group from the rural moutains of the west.)